Bare legs and feet of a woman in a long woolen sweater balancing on a tree's root system

Coming immediately after the doctype declaration, the <html> code is the key to everything that comes after. This element is so important that it is often referred to as the root HTML element.

As I mentioned in the previous article, the <html> element should have at least one attribute. Recall that attributes are always written inside the opening tag:

<html lang="en">

This a statement of the fact that the primary language on the page is English.

If you're following this series in order, your page now consists of:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">

If you save this page and open it in a browser, you'll see that it’s blank, due to the fact that we haven’t yet added any content to the page; before we do that, we need to learn how HTML elements nest together.

Photograph by Sachie Nagasawa, used under a Creative Commons license

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